Hon’ble Home Minister
Government of India, New Delhi
Through: Secretary- Ministry of Home Affairs
Subject: To declare Hindi as the National Language
Father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi, in his address to the Gujrat Education Conference at Bharuch in 1917, stressed the need of a national language and expressed: “Hindi is the only language, which could be adopted as the ‘National Language’ because it is the language spoken by majority of the Indians. It has the potential of being used as economic, religious and political communication link.”
The Constitution makers had deliberated the issue of official language in detail at the time of framing the Constitution and it was decided that Hindi in Devanagari script should be adopted as the official language of the Union. This is the basis of declaring Hindi as the official language of the Union under the Article 343. Under the Article 351, it is duty of the Union to frame a National Policy to promote and propagate the Hindi language so that it serve as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India and to secure its enrichment by assimilating without interfering with its genius, forms, style and expression.
The purposive and liberal interpretation of the language provisions, particularly the Article 343, 344, 348 and Article 351 would show that ultimate goal is the spread and development of Hindi and the gradual switchover to its use for all the official purposes and as a link language for all the citizens of India. At the time of framing and adoption of the Constitution, it was envisaged that English will continue to be used for executive, judicial and legal purposes for an initial period of 15 years i.e. till 1965 only. It is very unfortunate that Executive is not taking appropriate steps to promote the Hindi. The period of 15 years was prescribed after detailed deliberation so that necessary arrangements could be made for smooth language transition. The Constitution makers were conscious that language transition in all the fields may not be possible by 1965. They also had the foresight to allow the use of English along with Hindi during the first 15 years and envisaged that Hindi with the help of other Indian Languages would evolve as a composite language, capable of being accepted by people living in non-Hindi speaking regions. However, Executive neither declared it as the National Language of India nor included it as a compulsory subject for all the students of I-VIII standard in spirit of the Article 21A and Right to Education Act, so that it become the connecting language of India.
To promote fraternity, unity and national integration, the great golden goals as set out in Preamble of the Constitution, Hindi must be taught to all the students of I-VIII standard so that all children can read write and speak with each other. At present, a citizen from north India visiting east or south becomes a foreigner, as he does not understand their language and so also the citizen from those states cannot communicate with person visiting from North. Besides the fact that Hindi is official language as has been enunciated in Article 343 of the Constitution, it is spoken and used in major part of the country. There are only few States where there is only regional language is spoken. Teaching Hindi as a compulsory subject to the students of I-VIII standard will definitely promote fraternity unity and integrity of India. It is necessary to state that besides provincial services, there are all India services such as IAS, IPS, IRS etc. Officers of these services, if educated in regional languages only would be uncomfortable when posted in States having another regional language. The difficulties faced by these officers while communicating with people knowing other regional language can be appreciated. Situation can be easily resolved by making the Hindi a compulsory subject up to basic education and accordingly, Union of India can direct the States in this regard.
Right of a child should not be restricted only to free and compulsory education, but should be extended to have equal quality education without any discrimination on the ground of child’s social economic and cultural background thus a common syllabus and curriculum is required. Uniform education system would achieve the code of a common culture, removal of disparity and depletion of discriminatory values in human relations and it would enhance virtues and improve the quality of human life, elevate the thoughts, which advance the Constitutional philosophy of equal society. Children are not only the future citizens but also the future of the earth. Education connotes the process of training and developing the knowledge, skill, mind and character of student by formal schooling. Uniform education will help in diminishing opportunities to those who foment fanatic and fissiparous tendencies. India shall be a better or worse place to live according to how we treat the children today. Education is an investment need by the Nation for harvesting a future crop of responsible adults, productive of a well-functioning society. Children are vulnerable and they need to be valued, nurtured, caressed and protected. Democracy depends for its very life on high standards of education. Dissemination of learning with search for new knowledge with disciple all round must be maintained at all costs.
Because of weakness on the part of our leadership, they couldn't ensure making Hindi the national language of India. They could not do it perhaps because of the regional political compulsions. Despite being spoken and understood by the large section of India's population, Hindi has not been able to get the well-deserved status of “National Language of India”. Even in north-east and north-west, people understand Hindi. It is closer to the mother language of all the Indian languages – Sanskrit. It is the elder sister of all the regional languages. Hindi is the connecting language of India and is understood by over three-fourths of the country’s population. However, some vested interest politicians try to create a rift in few parts of the country in the name of languages. Compulsory study of Hindi for all the children aged 6-14 years is not only necessary to secure social economic equality but also essential to promote fraternity assuring dignity of individual and unity and integrity of the nation. Most of the developed and developing countries have their National Language. Without declaring Hindi as the National language of India, and without making it a compulsory subject for all the students of I-VIII standard throughout the Country, equality of status and of opportunity can’t be secured and fraternity assuring dignity of individual and unity and integrity of the nation cannot be promoted thus it is duty of the Government to take apt steps on top priority.
Keeping in view the need of a National Language and benefits of making Hindi a compulsory subject for all the students of I-VIII standard, I request you to:
take appropriate steps to declare Hindi as the National Language of India in spirit of the Article 343, 344, 348, 351 and Preamble of the Constitution of India;
take appropriate steps to make Hindi a compulsory subject for all the students of I-VIII standard in spirit of the Article 21A, 343, 344, 348, 351 and Preamble of the Constitution of India;
frame a National Policy to promote and propagate the Hindi language in spirit of Article 343, 344, 348, 351 and Preamble of the Constitution of India.
Thanks and Regards.
Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay
Office: 15, New Lawyers Chambers
Supreme Court, New Delhi-110001
Residence: G-284, Govindpuram, Ghaziabad-201013
Hon’ble Prime Minister
Government of India, New Delhi-110011
Through: Principle Secretary to the Prime Minister
Hon’ble Law Minister
Government of India, New Delhi-110001
Through: Secretary – Ministry of Law and Justice